12 Wildflowers Every Child Should Know!
Often found in short grassland and meadows, daisies can thrive in any soil type. They easily tolerate mowing, grazing and trampling. This makes daisies well suited to growing prolifically in garden lawns. For this reason daisies are often the first wildflower that young children become familiar with. Making daisy chains (a garland made from the flowers) is also a popular child-hood past-time.
Celandine also known as Lesser Celandine is a yellow wildflower, that flowers in early spring time between January and April. We can usually see celandine beside woodland paths and particularly thrives on damp banks and ditches. It also grows in gardens, meadows and shady hedgerows.
Dandelions are common in pastures, lawns, orchards, hayfields, waste ground and roadsides. Gardeners dislike dandelions because they are difficult to get rid of. Dandelions will grow just about anywhere, regardless of soil conditions. They tolerate crowding and often multiply quickly.
Primroses are small, perennial woodland plants that grow no more than 10cm high and can flower from December through to May. Primroses are quite common and widespread in the wild. They like to grow on cool shaded banks, in woods and hedgerows, and on sea and mountain cliffs.
Dog Violets grow in many places, even on rocky slopes and cliff edges. Dog Violets are common and widespread across the UK. You will also find them in woods, heaths, hedgerows and grasslands. One way to tell Dog Violets apart from Sweet Violets is that they have no scent.
Traditionally, bluebells are a woodland flower and tend to grow on woodland floors. Nowerdays they can also sometimes be seen in fields, along hedgerows, parkland or even along road verges. Be careful not to confuse native English bluebells with the Spanish type- these are more often cultivated in gardens and they do not have any scent.
Cow Parsley is a fast-growing wildflower which is found throughout the UK. It prefers shaded areas so is often seen in hedgerows and woodland edges. Cow parsley is important for a variety of insects, as it is a good source of pollen. Cow parsley flowers have umbrella like clusters. The flowers can be seen from May until June.
Meadow Buttercup grows much taller than its other common cousin, the creeping buttercup. It is a native grassland plant. Meadow Buttercups love damp, chalky soils and in this type of soil it will grow in dense clumps to form yellow meadows. It has a long flowering season from April to October.
Herb Robert is common and widespread throughout Britain and Ireland. It often grows in the shade of woodland. Herb Robert also like to grow against walls. When it grows in sunny places, the stems often change to crimson red. Herb-robert is a foodplant and nectar-source for many insects including bees, hoverflies and moths.
White Clover is significantly smaller than Red Clover. Its white flowers can often be seen in pastures, lawns, paths, verges and meadows. Also, sometimes in arable fields and waste grounds. White Clover is a sun-loving wildflower, so it does not grow in woodlands or tall grass. White Clover flowers appear from May to October and are very popular with bumblebees. Looking for a lucky four-leaf clover is a common childhood game.
Germander speedwell can be seen along roadsides, grassy lanes and hedgerows. It grows in clumps of bright blue flowers from April to June. In folklore it is considered a good luck charm for travellers. Germander speedwell a low-growing plant and is just one of a number of different speedwells. It has other common names such as ‘Bird’s Eye’ and ‘Cat’s Eye’ Speedwell. Germander Speedwell has two rows of long white hairs on opposite sites of its stems, unlike the rarer Wood Speedwell, which is hairy all round the stem.
Ox Eye Daisy
Ox-Eye Daisy has much larger flowers (between 3 to 5 centimetres wide) than the common daisy (about 2 centimetres wide). The Ox-Eye Daisy also grows on much taller and thicker stems. A resilient wildflower, it often grows on roadside verges as well as meadows and waste ground. Its yellow flower centres are made up of many small flowers that hold nectar. This makes Ox-Eye Daisies extremely popular with butterflies, bees and hoverflies.