What are schemas in children’s play?
Schemas is the name given to the behavioural urges that children often display during their play, for example, line up their toys in a row, throwing things or hiding in small places. Most importantly, they are natural building blocks for brain growth because these repeated behaviours forge connections in the brain that lead to learning and greater understanding.
Here are ten of these schemas (natural play urges) briefly described: –
Joining together with construction toys such as click bricks or stringing items together are examples of the connection schema. Disconnection and destruction are also part of this schema.
Filling containers with water, climbing into boxes, making fences for the animals are all ways that children demonstrate the enclosure/container schema.
Putting a sheet over your head, wrapping things up are both examples of the enveloping schema.
The urge to hang upside down or get a viewpoint from under or on top of the table are part of the Orientation schema. This experience of hanging of upside down is very useful for brain development.
The positioning schema can involve lining up the toy cars, ordering the books on the shelf, turning the plates upside down and just tidying-up.
The rotation schema involves anything that goes around and anything that is circular – wheels, spinning around, drawing circles.
Describes the urge to throw or drop items and interacting with things that are already moving. It also describes moving the whole body such as jumping and climbing.
Play such as mixing water and mud or mixing ingredients in a bowl when cooking. Transformation is about combining two or more items together which result in making something that looks or feels different from the original item.
This is the urge to carry lots of items in your hands or in containers such as buckets and baskets. It can also be transporting items in containers with wheels, such as a toy trolley.
If parents know about these schemas it is helpful because they can encourage them and provide more opportunities. This will support and promote their child’s natural development.
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